Terrorism is a constant companion of humanity, one of the most dangerous and difficult to predict phenomena of our time, acquiring more diverse forms and menacing proportions. Terrorist acts bring massive human casualties, exert strong psychological pressure on large masses of people, entail the destruction of material and spiritual values that sometimes cannot be restored, sow enmity between states, provoke wars, distrust, and hatred between social and national groups, which sometimes cannot be overcome in the course of a whole generation’s life. Even if we consider the very phenomenon of terrorism, which was not called terrorism back then, goes back centuries, this was most clearly manifested in France during the revolution that broke out in 1789 and lasted until 1799. Terrorism is a mass and politically significant phenomenon resulting from an endemic “de-ideologization,” when certain groups in society begin to question the legitimacy and rights of the state and thereby justify their transition to terror to achieve their own goals. Terrorism has quite a few varieties, but in any form, it is the most dangerous social and legal problem of the 21st century in terms of its scale, unpredictability, and consequences. Not so long ago, terrorism was a local phenomenon, but over the past 10-15 years, it has become global and increasingly threatens the security of many countries. The fight against terrorism requires an integrated approach, including economic, political, social, and legal measures. Various criminal groups commit terrorist acts to intimidate and destroy competitors and influence state power to achieve the best conditions for their criminal activities. Everyone can become a victim of a terrorist act, even those who have nothing to do with the conflict that gave rise to a terrorist act. The level of terrorism and the specific forms of its manifestation are an indicator, on the one hand, of public morality and, on the other, the effectiveness of the efforts of society and the state to solve the most pressing problems, in particular, to prevent and suppress terrorism itself. Our peaceful and legal International Congress for the Protection of the Rights and Freedoms of Citizens “Shield” CALLS FOR COUNTERTERRORISM AT ALL POSSIBLE LEVELS! Why exactly counteract and not fight terrorism? The term “counter-terrorism” is broader than the fight against terrorism, which implies the direct suppression of a terrorist attack or the punishment of those responsible. This is a set of legislative, ideological-informational, organizational, administrative-legal, educational and other functions. Terrorism becomes a long-term factor that negatively affects the development of social relations in all countries in the international arena. Consequently, the danger of threats associated with the activities of terrorist organizations will not only remain shortly but, most likely, will increase even more. In the future, if counteraction to terrorists is weakened, there is a danger of their uniting to destabilize the situation in crisis regions further. Therefore, the ability of countries to be friends, hear, make contact, and interact with each other is very important. Therefore, our International Congress for the Protection of the Rights and Freedoms of Citizens “Shield” is for peace, tolerance, and cooperation between countries and peoples. Together we are Strength! First, when attracting those or
other forces of individual formations to resolve various conflicts and suppress terrorist acts, it is necessary to comply with the norms of international law and the laws of each state. After all, when we are friends, do we respect each other? Our International Congress for the Protection of the Rights and Freedoms of Citizens “Shield” is friendly and ready to be friends and help everyone: from the smallest child to a huge country! Secondly, the use of forces of influence within the country depends on the historically established internal security systems. In some states, the use of armed forces against terrorists has been completely abandoned. In others, specially trained military formations are used for these purposes. Different formations and units are allocated from general-purpose forces to undergo special training. Diversity is our unity! our International Congress for the Protection of the Rights and Freedoms of Citizens “Shield” understands this and tries to preserve different countries’ traditions, cultures, and customs. After all, knowing each other, you can become richer spiritually and more tolerant. And this is exactly what the forces that provoke terrorist conflicts do not want. In the event of an immediate danger threatening the state system from within, the constitutions of most countries provide for the almost unlimited use of all their power structures, including the armed forces. In several foreign states, the right to decide on the use of military formations in conflict resolution is granted not only to the highest official of the state but also to the regional leader, which makes it possible to significantly increase the efficiency of the actions of the troops involved in the fight against terrorism. Thirdly, the use of armed forces in the internal armed conflict, as a rule, should be limited and carried out by specially trained units. The primary and most important task is eliminating material and technical support sources for illegal actions and eliminating other prerequisites for the emergence of extremist movements. After all, civilians can suffer from prolonged or unorganized armed conflict. Our International Congress for the Protection of the Rights and Freedoms of Citizens “Shield” is a sharp and negative attitude towards the cruel treatment of civilians by the aggressor or the forces of the defending side. Having analyzed all of the above, we can conclude that terrorism is not a spontaneous formation or the desire of -that a specific person; terrorism is rather a force that is well-developed and well-financed. Terrorism is a method by which an organized group or party seeks to achieve its proclaimed goals mainly through the systematic use of violence. The main causes of terrorism include: – the exacerbation of contradictions in the political, economic, social, ideological, ethnonational, and legal spheres; – the unwillingness of individuals, groups, and organizations to use the system of lifestyle accepted by the majority of society, and the desire to obtain advantages through violence; – the use of terrorist methods by individuals, bodies izations, states to achieve political, economic and social goals. Does history teach anything? There are no clear answers here, or the answers will be reduced to two broad generalizations. Terrorism rarely occurs in conditions of effectively functioning and interacting states. In today’s world, terrorists enjoy all the benefits of democracy – freedom of thought, speech, religion, freedom of movement, and freedom to organize and hold meetings. Terrorism is also the problem of weak states, where central authority has no power or does not exist. Terrorism has sometimes succeeded, but it has failed to achieve its goals, probably more often than not. In some cases, terrorism has led to results opposite to those expected by the perpetrators. However, terrorism is a periodic phenomenon that can occur from time to time in history. And even if he is defeated, he may reappear later. Today, there is no reason to expect terrorism to disappear. In an era when large-scale wars have become too dangerous and costly, terrorism has become the dominant form of violent action. As long as there are conflicts, there will be terrorism. As the Latin proverb says: Ubi Concordia – Ibi Victoria (where there is agreement – there is victory), let’s unite and be friendly and tolerant of each other. Our International Congress for the Protection of the Rights and Freedoms of Citizens “Shield” will help you with this.